Valuation of assets in SMSFs
14/09/2017 Linda Vong, Accountant
With recent changes in the superannuation environment coming into play from this financial year, accurate valuations for all SMSF investments are becoming more and more important. Getting these valuations wrong may adversely impact your fund’s compliance and subsequently your ability to make non-concessional contributions and/or commence a pension.
So what do you need to know about accurately determining the market value of your investments? Let’s find out!
What is market value?
According to the SIS Act (subsection 10(1)) ‘market value’, in relation to an asset means “the amount that a willing buyer of the asset could reasonably be expected to pay to acquire the asset from a willing seller”. The definition also assumes:
(a) that the buyer and the seller dealt with each other at arm’s length in relation to the sale;
(b) that the sale occurred after proper marketing of the asset;
(c) that the buyer and the seller acted knowledgeably and prudentially in relation to the sale.
Why is market value important to all SMSFs?
In a word - compliance. Ensuring all investments in the SMSF are valued accurately is important to remain compliant with superannuation law. These valuations are used to determine:
- Member balances
- The minimum and maximum amount of pensions payable to pension members
- Non-concessional contribution caps
- Eligibility for government co-contributions
- Eligibility for a tax offset where contributions are made for a spouse
- Whether the new catch-up concessional contribution cap can be used
- Whether the segregated method for claiming exempt pension income can be used
Who checks this information (for compliance purposes)?
The fund’s independent auditor checks to ensure that the market values reported in the annual financial statements are based on objective and supportable evidence. If the auditor isn’t satisfied with the provided information, more support evidence may be requested or they may report a qualified opinion to the ATO, which may result in a follow up from them. If the ATO is not satisfied with the market values reported in the financial statements, a fine of 10 penalty units (currently $2100) per trustee may be imposed.
How do I go about determining the market value?
The value of some super fund investments, such as listed company shares and bank accounts, are easy to obtain. However for investments such as real estate, unlisted investments, collectables and personal use assets, the market value may not be readily available or obvious and may require a qualified person to make a professional valuation. These valuations can be obtained as follows:
Trustees are not required to have real estate formally valued each year. Rather, the general rule of thumb used by most SMSF auditors is that real estate held by the SMSF must be valued at least once every three years. There are situations where a valuation is required on a more frequent basis are:
- When a pension has commenced, a valuation no older than 12 months prior to the commencement of the pension is needed
- When the auditor believes that the valuation is unacceptable and is either too high or too low
- Where the SMSF has in-house assets and the 5% in-house asset ratio needs to be considered
Additionally, a valuation for the preparation of the SMSF’s financial reports may be required if an event has occurred that may have affected the value of the property since its last valuation, such as a renovations, changes in market conditions or a natural disaster.
The valuation can be undertaken by anyone (including the trustees of the fund) as long as it is based on objective and supportable data. However from an auditor’s perspective, a valuation determined by a party independent to the SMSF (such as independent valuers and real estate agents) would hold more weight compared to a valuation made by the SMSF’s trustee.
Units in unlisted trusts and shares in unlisted companies
When valuing an unlisted security, it can sometimes be tricky to gather reliable support evidence for audit. The unlisted trust or company may not need to have its assets valued at market value or have its financial statements independently audited each year. Therefore just relying on the reported values on the financial statements may not be adequate from an audit perspective.
Instead, consideration of other available information such as recent sales or purchases of the company’s shares or units and/or independent valuation of the underlying assets of the trust or company may provide a more dependable market value to the SMSF’s financial reports.
Collectables and personal use assets
There is no requirement for formal market value assessment for transfer/disposal of collectables and personal use assets to a related party, if they were acquired by the SMSF before 1 July 2011.
However if the asset was acquired post 1 July 2011, the transaction must be made at market value determined by a qualified independent valuer.
Where can I learn more?
The ATO provides comprehensive guidelines regarding the valuation of assets held in SMSFs.
Alternatively, should you wish to discuss what these guidelines mean for you, please do not hesitate to contact The Hopkins Group accounting team today.
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